Tuesday, February 24, 2015

BOOK REVIEW: On Immunity. An Inoculation by Eula Biss

I’ve got a mini nonfiction binge going. My latest read is On Immunity. An Inoculation by Eula Biss. I bought this book for my niece for Christmas because in the past we’ve shared an enthusiasm for Henrietta Lacks and The Emperor of All Maladies, and I was looking for something in the same vein. I read a blurb that made me think this exploration of vaccination would be along the same lines, but I didn’t have time to read it before giving it as a gift. I wanted to read it afterward though. With the current measles outbreak, it seems even more timely.

Biss approaches the topic of immunity and vaccination in a book that reads as a collection of essays. She does touch on the history of immunization and the science behind it, but she also talks about her experiences as a mother and her interactions with other mothers. She talks about advice received from her physician father, and how that influences her decision-making process. She talks about parental fear. She delves into the ethics of vaccination. This is loosely woven together with themes of Greek mythology (Achilles was ‘made immune’ to injury- but not really) and gothic horror (Dracula demonstrates a deep-rooted fear of contagion.)

This is a quick and easy read that shows both sides of the vaccination discussion, though coming down firmly on the pro-vaccination side. The essays are thoughtful and heartfelt, but I can’t say that anything in the book stuck with me the way Henrietta Lacks or Emperor of All Maladies did. It may be that it was a little too personal–relying a little too much on anecdote and musing to have the depth and heft I’d have liked.

Sunday, February 22, 2015

BOOK REVIEW: Medieval Tastes. Food, Cooking, and the Table by Massimo Montanari

Disclaimer: I received this book for free from Netgalley. This did not influence my review.

Medieval Tastes. Food, Cooking, and the Table by Massimo Montanari is an interesting exploration of food in the Middle Ages from a cultural perspective. It’s a very academic book, looking at food both figuratively and literally, discussing theories of taste and medieval attitudes about mixing types of food for optimal balance (fat and lean, sweet and sour, etc.)

This was not the book I thought it would be–my fault, not the book’s–and so I was a bit disgruntled as I set forth reading what seemed to be a lot of theoretical discussion that wasn’t giving me a lot of "actual" information. I was hoping for something more straightforwardly encyclopedic (for research for my own historical novel writing): these foods were available here, during these time periods, prepared in this fashion, eaten like this. This is not that book. There are some sweeping generalizations about what was eaten, but that information was nothing new. The focus is mostly on the later Middle Ages. And the author concentrates largely on regions in Italy. He’s using medieval cookbooks from these times and regions to build his case.

But, once I let go of what it was I wanted from a book about medieval food and read the book the author had actually written, I was able to appreciate that this is an interesting text. I particularly liked the central portion of the book where he talks about different categories of food: meat, fish, milk/cheese, bread, water, and wine and elaborates on the evolution of each in the diet–availability and symbolism. There is also a section on the fork versus eating with hands and a discussion of medieval manners.

So, overall, this book is an interesting look at culinary history, or perhaps, historical food theory, but be aware going in that it is not a narrative history of medieval food.

This is my second nonfiction book for the nonfiction challenge.

Tuesday, February 17, 2015

BOOK REVIEW: City of God by Cecelia Holland

Disclaimer: I received this book for free from Netgalley. This did not influence my review.

I love Cecelia Holland’s writing. She’s one of my absolute favorite authors. So when I saw City of God offered on Netgalley, I jumped to request it. It’s a re-release of a novel from 1979, published as an ebook by Open Road Integrated Media. I’m thrilled to see that many of Holland’s books are being re-released as ebooks so I can get a hold of some of the ones I’ve missed.

City of God is, as subtitled, A Novel of the Borgias, so the time period and subject matter are inherently fascinating. Holland approaches them obliquely using a fictional protagonist who both witnesses and influences history and in this way she makes a complicated political history accessible. She gives us someone else’s eye to view/judge the demon Borgias.

Nicholas Dawson is the driven, brilliantly efficient secretary to the Florentine ambassador to Rome. He is not from Florence, but was brought up in Pamplona by monks after the death of his English parents. He has no real loyalty to Florence or Spain or any at all to England. Nevertheless, he is very good at his job and works hard to make his ineffectual boss look good, even though it generally means rewriting the ambassador’s dispatches into missives that are more politically astute.

Times are changing. Pope Alexander’s son, Cesare Borgia, the Duke of Valentinois, is bent on conquering all of Italy and is making a reasonable go of it. He’s ruthless, without scruples, and has the support of the pope. Borgia wants Florence. He needs information and knows where to get it. He draws Dawson into his web.

Dawson is not a particularly brave man, but he is ambitious. He is extremely intelligent and he likes to feel powerful. At least, he likes the illusion of power that he gets from proximity to power. Borgia frightens and attracts him. He is particularly excited when Borgia acts on counsel that he provides. Things become more dangerous and potentially more rewarding the higher he rises in Borgia’s circle.

Dawson is, among other things, homosexual. Early on, he becomes involved with a handsome young man of lower social status–a thief and a gambler, who becomes somewhat of an unofficial protector. This relationship anchors and irritates Dawson as it moves beyond the sexual to more of a commitment and then into something that burdens them both. And yet, in the swirl of politics, warfare, murder, and betrayal that engulf Italy and occupy Dawson’s nimble mind, his love for Stefano (had he admitted it) may have been the only "real" thing he had.

Holland does her usual superb job of setting a historical scene with just enough history and politics to immerse you in time and place without bogging down the action. Focus is on the characters. Dawson shines as a brutally self-interested man of the times who has to live with the consequences of his own actions. The characters in The City of God are not people to like or admire, but they populate a realistic and engrossing historical novel.

Friday, February 13, 2015

BOOK REVIEW: One Summer. America 1927 by Bill Bryson

My historical fiction/history book group decided on Bill Bryson’s One Summer. America 1927 for this round. I was pleased for two reasons. One: I’ve never read anything by Bryson but have heard a lot of good things about his books and he’s been on my to-read list for a long time. And two: it’s a great way to kick off my non-fiction challenge.

The book focuses on the summer of 1927 (as billed). And what a busy summer it was! Charles Lindbergh made his solo flight across the Atlantic. Babe Ruth set his home run record. Sacco and Vanzetti were executed for murder/robbery/being anarchists after widespread, worldwide protests. The Jazz Singer was released–heralding the feasibility and rise of talking films. And so much more. The book discusses Prohibition, politics, and gangsters. Sports and high finances. It touches on the headlines of the day–the appalling true crimes that riveted the country before being bumped off the front pages by the next exciting events.

The book is a whirlwind. What keeps it from being more than just a catalogue of the daily papers from the summer of 1927 is that Bryson also travels back and forth in time to put the events in context. We are introduced to the backstory of some of these stories, and we learn a bit of what happens to the heroes after the summer plays out.

Bryson does have an engaging style. This is a wonderful slice of American history and it does make for a great book club book because there are so many different sides of the story to tell.

Have you read any of Bill Bryson’s books? Which do you recommend?

Friday, February 6, 2015

BOOK REVIEW: Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson

One book down for the Back-to-the-Classics Challenge. I’ve read my choice for a children’s classic: Treasure Island by Robert Louis Stevenson.

This is one of those children’s classics that somehow slipped by me, even when we were looking for books to read to my kids when they were young. And yet, it’s such a famous book–how can I have not read it?

It’s a classic high seas adventure, full of nasty pirates, a few good men, a spunky, loyal boy, and a hunt for a buried treasure. In fact, it’s a bit surprising how many of the stereotypes of pirates and pirate adventures spring from this book. Even without ever having read it, I felt like I knew much of the story, since so much of it has entered common culture. Robert Louis Stevenson’s pirates are what we think of when we think of pirates.

The plot itself is straightforward but fast-paced and exciting. The boy, Jim Hawkins, gets a hold of a map indicating where a now-dead pirate has buried his treasure and, together with the local gentleman, Squire Trelawney, and the town physician, Dr. Livesey, he sets out for the island where untold wealth can be found. Unfortunately, the ship they have hired is manned largely by pirates, led by Long John Silver. Once they make it to the island, it’s a race to the treasure and a war between the two groups. The treachery of the pirates drives the action and Jim’s resourcefulness–sometimes inadvertent--saves the day.

Narrated by Jim Hawkins, who recounts the adventure that happened to him in his youth, it’s an exciting story with all the immediacy of an eye-witness account, but some of the edge is taken off by the foreknowledge that the principal good guys have all survived. (The opening paragraph lets us know that Jim is urged to tell the story by his comrades, after the events.) At times, throughout the story, Jim will preface a harrowing adventure to come with a reassurance, such as: Then it was that there came into my head the first of the mad notions that contributed so much to save our lives. Although those little intrusions jarred a bit, I thought that maybe, for a children’s story, one as harrowing as this one, they might serve a purpose. It might not be a bad idea to remind a child that everything is going to be all right–just before launching a fictional child into a life and death situation.

This is a fun tale, a quick one, and worthwhile. For anyone who sort of knows the story but has never actually read it–go ahead and give it a read!

Tuesday, January 27, 2015

BOOK REVIEW: Gutenberg's Apprentice by Alix Christie

I’ve just finished reading a spellbinding historical novel: Gutenberg’s Apprentice by Alix Christie. Rather than another story of a literary genius (or writer’s significant other) as I usually like to read, this book pays homage to a great man to whom all lovers of the written word owe an unimaginable debt. Of course, we all "know"Johann Gutenberg, the inventor of mechanical movable type, or the printing press. He’s responsible for the Gutenberg Bible, which I guess I always learned was the first book to ever be printed using a printing press. It seems that historical factoid is an oversimplification, naturally. I never actually gave much thought to what an innovation "movable type" was, or how extraordinary an undertaking printing a book, any book, must have been.

Gutenberg was a genius.

But this isn’t his story. Not entirely.

Whenever we think of lone geniuses succeeding at overcoming insurmountable obstacles to achieve things that no mere mortals have ever done before, chances are they didn’t do it alone after all.

Gutenberg’s printing press was a team effort. One of the major players was a man named Peter Schoeffer. He had two recommendations for the job of apprentice. First, he was an accomplished scribe. Second, his adoptive father, Johann Fust, was very rich and very ambitious. Gutenberg needed financial backing.

Peter is a remarkable hero. Strong, thoughtful, loyal, devoted, religious, and extraordinarily intelligent, he is appalled, at first, by the very idea of a printing press. He loves his chosen career, being a scribe, and had high hopes for advancement. He can see how such an invention would destroy the very world he knows. It would take the beauty of the written word, the art of it, and make it hollow and empty.

And yet. . .he owes Fust too much to disappoint him. And as he works with Gutenberg, he comes to respect him as well and to appreciate what Gutenberg is trying to accomplish. As he invests his own talents into the process, improving it, making it into an art form of its own, Peter begins to feel that this is something God has put him on earth to do.

I wouldn’t necessarily have thought that descriptions of the grind of making a printing press from scratch, when none of the parts had ever even been put to such a particular use before, would have been not just interesting, but compelling. They needed to get the ink right, the letters cast from the right metals, the right project, enough letters, the right letter shapes, enough people to work the presses–there was a constant need for more money. There were political and religious forces arrayed against them. The whole thing had to be done with utmost secrecy. The Infidels took Constantinople, necessitating another Crusade! And all the while, they had to race to get the Bible printed before the tenuous partnership tore itself apart.

Christie gets at the heart of the personalities of these driven men, managing to humanize them despite the remarkable level of historical detail. Peter is the one who holds everything together, driving the work to continue, but he’s the one who suffers the most from emotional strain because he continues to care about the people involved, right until the end. The making of ‘The Book’ is fascinating, the making of the man, Peter Schoeffer, is even more so.

Today, when we can do so much with a computer and printer, it’s hard to imagine what it must have been like for every page, every image, to have to have been created by hand. What a monumental leap of imagination and faith it was to go from that to mechanical printing. I suppose I knew that, but without actually giving it the thought it deserves until reading Gutenberg’s Apprentice.

Friday, January 9, 2015

HISTORICAL FICTION CHALLENGE 2015

For my third (and probably final) challenge, I'm signing up once again for the Historical Fiction Challenge. This year, the challenge has moved. It will be hosted by Amy at Passages to the Past. (Thanks for hosting, Amy!)

As I go along, I'll list the books I've read at the end of this post and link to my reviews.



The challenge will run in the same way as it has at Historical Tapestry over the last couple of years.

Here are the Reading Challenge details:

Each month, a new post dedicated to the HF Challenge will be created. To participate, you only have to follow the rules:
  • Everyone can participate, even those who don't have a blog (you can add your book title and thoughts in the comment section at Passages to the Past if you wish)
  • Add the link(s) of your review(s) including your name and book title to the Mister Linky we’ll be adding to our monthly post (at PTTP) (please, do not add your blog link, but the correct address that will guide us directly to your review)
  • Any sub-genre of historical fiction is accepted (Historical Romance, Historical Mystery, Historical Fantasy, Young Adult, etc.)
During the following 12 months you can choose one of the different reading levels:

20th century Reader - 2 books
Victorian Reader - 5 books
Renaissance Reader - 10 books
Medieval - 15 books
Ancient History - 25 books
Prehistoric - 50+ books

The challenge runs from Jan. 1 through Dec. 31st 2015.

You can sign up with the linky here.

I'm going for the Ancient History level again this year. Last year I did go above 25, but 50 would be too optimistic.

If you enjoy historical fiction of any stripe, come join in the fun!

REVIEWS:
1. The Paying Guests by Sarah Waters
2. Meadowlands by Elizabeth Jeffrey
3. Gutenberg's Apprentice by Alix Christie
4. City of God by Cecelia Holland